Prohibition began nation-wide in January 1920; Illinois was already 87% dry by 1919. Chicago remained wet with more than five thousand saloons, nearly two thirds of the saloons in the state. That ended on July 1, 1919 when Illinois enacted a dry bill ending the sale and transportation of alcohol within the state. The bill also allowed a "search and seizure" provision, which allowed any judge, including a justice of the peace, to grant a writ of search on the word of any citizen that alcohol was being sold. There were exceptions for sacramental and industrial uses and alcohol could still be sold by druggists for medicinal purpose.